|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||22,509,609|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||20,963,900|
Investigating the Compliance of Passengers' Mind Map with the Spatial Structure of Airport Terminals (Case Study: Kermanshah International Airport)
|International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development|
|دوره 13، شماره 1 - شماره پیاپی 47، فروردین 2023، صفحه 91-100 اصل مقاله (910.07 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Applied Article|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.30495/ijaud.2022.67067.1599|
|Naji pezhman Ziaei 1؛ Maryam Amiri 2؛ Faezeh Taheri Sarmad3|
|1Department of Architecture, Islamabad-e Gharb Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamabad-e Gharb, Iran|
|2Department of Architecture, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.|
|3professor assistant Department of Architecture, Eslamabad-e Gharb Branch, Islamic Azad University, Eslamabad-e Gharb, Iran.|
|Ease of routing is one of the most important principles in the design of public spaces. Such spaces can provide higher desirability when they can communicate with numerous users. This study aims to find the components affecting the mental image, to investigate the compliance of the mental map of passengers from the terminal, and the effect of the variables of gender, education, and the number of trips on the mental map. The results in the theoretical part reached four main components: body, readability, meaning, and attractiveness, each of which includes six subsets. Then, by studying these components, a questionnaire was developed and distributed among the passengers. Software analyses were performed by SPSS. The results of the one-sample Chi-square test to check the compliance rate of the mind map showed that the mind map of passengers in terms of the body, meaning, and attractiveness is undesirable. However, the readability of the airport is desirable. The effectiveness of gender, education, and the number of trips on the mind map was reported to be 0.34, 0.14, and 0.27, with a coefficient of determination of 25%, respectively, indicating that the above variables explain 25% of the variance of the mind map. According to the t-tests of independent female samples, there was a clearer mind map in all components, and the analysis of the variance test shows that the higher the number of trips and the level of education, the clearer the mind map.|
|Mental image؛ routing؛ Collective spaces؛ airport terminals؛ Kermanshah Airport|
Bahraini, S. (2003). Urban design process. Tehran: University of Tehran Press.
Chen, J. L., & Stanney, K. M. (1999). A theoretical model of wayfinding in virtual environments: Proposed strategies for navigational aiding. Presence, 8(6), 671-685.
Downs, R. M., & Stea, D. (1973). Cognitive maps and spatial behavior: Process and products.
Downs, R. M., & Stea, D. (1977). Maps in minds: reflections on cognitive mapping. New York: Harper & Row.
Eppler, M. J. (2006). A comparison between concept maps, mind maps, conceptual diagrams, and visual metaphors as complementary tools for knowledge construction and sharing. Information visualization, 5(3), 202-210.
Firouzi M. A., Nemati, M., & Daripoor, N. (2014). Comparative assessment of the mental image of citizens and experts on the concept of urban environment quality in the Mehr housing project (Case study: Omidieh city). City Landscape Research, 1 (2), 21-28.
Google Maps. (2022). Kermanshah International Airport. Satellite image. Retrieved from: https://www.google.com/maps/place/Kermanshah+International+Airportemail@example.com,47.1472592,293m
Herzog, T. R., Kaplan, S., & Kaplan, R. (1982). The prediction of preference for unfamiliar urban places. Population and Environment, 5(1), 43-59.
Hölscher, C., Meilinger, T., Vrachliotis, G., Brösamle, M., & Knauff, M. (2005). Finding the Way Inside: Linking Architectural Design Analysis and Cognitive Processes, Berlin: Heidelberg.
Kalantari, Kh., Abad, H., M., & Mehdi, H. (2014). The compliance of the main structure of Mashhad with the mental image of pilgrims. Studies of the Islamic Iranian city, 5 (17), 35-43.
Kaplan, S. (1975). An informal model for the prediction of preference. Dowden: Hutchinson, and Ross.
Khanlari, R., mohammad ali lavasani, Z. (2020). Investigating the effects of the vitality of urban spaces on the formation of citizens' mental image with urban photography technique (Hassan Abad Square, Tehran). Journal of Urban Development and Architecture - Environment Identity ( JUDA-EI), 1(1), 79-91.
Lawton, C. A., & Kallai, J. (2002). Gender differences in wayfinding strategies and anxiety about wayfinding: A cross-cultural comparison. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 47(9-10), 389-401.
Leijstra, M., Muiswinkel, K. van, Leendertse, W. & Bles, T. (2018). Development of a Climate Adaptation Strategy for the InnovA58 highway in the Netherlands. Proceedings of the 7th Transport Research Arena T.R.A. 2018, Vienna, Austria.
Lynch, K. (1960). The image of the city. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press.
Madanipour, A. (2004). Design of Urban Space: An Inquiry Into Socio-spatial Process. United States: U.M.I.
Marans, R. W. (2003). Understanding environmental quality through quality of life studies: the 2001 D.A.S. and its use of subjective and objective indicators. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65(1), 73-83.
Motalebi, Q. (2001). Environmental psychology is a piece of new knowledge in the service of architecture and urban design. Fine Arts, (10), 52-67.
Naghizadeh, M. (2007). Perception of the beauty and identity of the city (in the light of Islamic thought), (1), 538.
Neacşu, M. C., & Neguţ, S. (2012). City image–Operational instrument in urban space management–A Romanian sample. Advances in spatial planning. Rijeka: InTech Open, 247-274.
Neisser, U. (1976). Cognition and reality: Principles and implications of cognitive psychology. New York, NY, U.S.: W H Freeman/Times Books/ Henry Holt & Co.
Pakzad, J. (2006). City appearance; What Kevin Lynch understood. Abadi, 16 (18), 20-30.
Rahimian, M. (2004). Cinema: Architecture in Motion. Tehran: Soroush Press.
Roberts, J. L. (2003). Place Perception, Cognitive Maps, and Mass Media: The Interrelationship between Visual Popular Culture and Regional Mental Mapping (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Tech).
Rueda, A., Vitousek, S., Camus, P., Tomás, A., Espejo, A., Losada, I. J., ... & Mendez, F. J. (2017). A global classification of coastal flood hazard climates associated with large-scale oceanographic forcing. Scientific reports, 7(1), 1-8.
Schlender, D., Peters, O. H., & Wienhöfer, M. (2000). The effects of maps and textual information on navigation in a desktop virtual environment. Spatial Cognition and Computation, 2(4), 421-433. Spence, R. (1999). A framework for navigation. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 51(5), 919-945.
Zhang, X., Flato, G., Kirchmeier-Young, M., Vincent, L., Wan, H., Wang, X., Rong, R., Fyfe, J., Li, G., Kharin, V.V. (2019). Changes in Temperature and Precipitation Across Canada; Chapter 4 in Bush, E. and Lemmen, D.S. (Eds.) Canada's Changing Climate Report. Government of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, 112-193.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 78
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 30