|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||24,215,883|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||22,098,846|
Assessment of Influential Components in Vernacular Housing Architecture of Villages in the Gilan Plain
|International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development|
|مقاله 8، دوره 13، شماره 3 - شماره پیاپی 49، مهر 2023، صفحه 99-112 اصل مقاله (1.46 M)|
|نوع مقاله: Applied Article|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.30495/ijaud.2023.22571|
|Hesam Fathi Saqalaksari 1؛ Neda Sadat Sahragard Monfared 2؛ Seyed Abbas Yazdanfar 3|
|1M.A. Student, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.|
|2Assistant Professor of Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.|
|3Associate Professor of Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.|
|Recent advancements in construction and shifts in traditional housing practices in the villages of the Gilan Plain have resulted in a disconnect between the newly-constructed housing and its surrounding environmental, economic, physical, social, and cultural conditions. This study aims to identify and evaluate the key components affecting traditional rural housing in the Gilan Plain and compare these with those found in the literature review. The study employed a mixed-methods design, including descriptive-analytical approaches, a survey method, and a case study approach, to examine rural housing in the Gilan Plain. The components were distilled into items and evaluated through a questionnaire distributed to 100 architectural experts, the validity and reliability of which were confirmed. The components were then ranked using the Friedman test. To observe the functions of these components, 23 case studies of rural housing in the Gilan Plain were investigated. The findings showed that livelihood played a significant role in shaping the physical structure of rural homes in the Gilan Plain compared to other rural areas of Iran. Due to the region's favorable climate conditions, including an abundance of rain and vegetation, there has been a lack of emphasis on climate adaptation strategies and resource management compared to other regions of Iran. The abundant fields and vegetation also serve important cultural functions, such as providing privacy.|
|Vernacular Rural Housing؛ Rural Architecture؛ Plain of Gilan؛ Ranking of Architectural Components|
Anabestani, A. A., Enzayi, E., & Behzadi, S. (2016). Influence of rural socio-cultural changes on rural housing Case: Neka County [Research]. Space Economics and Rural Development, 5(16), 21-42.
Alalhesabi M., Raheb G. (2008). Building of Rural House, The Process from Subjectivity to objectivity, Journal of Abadi, 24(59), 68-73.
Fathi Saqalaksari, H., Monfared, N. S. S., Yazdanfar, S. A. (2022). Evaluating the importance of the factors affecting the formation of vernacular rural housing. 2nd.International Conference on Architecture, Civil Engineering, Urban Development, Environment and Horizons of Islamic Art in the Second Step Statement of the Revolution, Tabriz Islamic Art University, 08 Dec. 2022. Tabriz.
Fathy, H. (1976). Architecture for the poor: an experiment in rural Egypt. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ghobadian, V., Chaisaz, E. (2015). A look at Vernacular architecture from perspective of quiddity and concept, The first international and the third national Conference of Architecture Restoration, Urbanism, and Stable Environment, 19 Nov., Iran.
Gkartzios, M., Scott, M., & Gallent, N. (2020). Rural Housing. In A. Kobayashi (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Human Geography (Second Edition) (pp. 35-41). Elsevier.
Haidar, E. A., & Bahammam, A. S. (2021). An optimal model for housing projects according to the relative importance of affordability and sustainability criteria and their implementation impact on initial cost. Sustainable Cities and Society, 64, 102535.
Hărmănescu, M., & Enache, C. (2016). Vernacular and Technology. InBetween. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 32, 412-419.
Khakpour, M., Ansari, M., Sheikhmehdi, M., & Tavoosi, M. (2015). Socio-cultural Characteristics of the Vernacular Houses [Research]. Journal of Housing and Rural Environment, 34(149), 3-14.
Mahdian, A., & Sartipipoor, M. (2013). A Review of the Evolutions of Rural Housing Upgrading and the Future Perspective [Applicable]. Journal of Housing and Rural Environment, 31(140), 3-12.
MembaIkuga, L., & Murray, T. (2012). Vernacular Housing. In International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home (pp. 241-248).
Mortaz Hejri, M., Yazdanfar, S., & Hosseini, S. (2022). The Interrelationship of Lifestyle Patterns and Spatial Organization of Houses Case Study: Rasht Residential Buildings (from the Qajar Period to the Present). Journal of Iranian Architecture Studies, 10(19), 193-213.
Najarnejad Mashhadi, M., Afzalian, K., Sheybani, M., Seyedalhosseini, S, M. (2021). Explaining an Enduring indicators of Iranian vernacular housing using Grounded theory. Iranian Islamic city studies, 42(11), 5-18.
Raheb, G. (2007). A deliberation in the concept of the village. Journal of Environmental Studies, 41, 105-116.
Raheb, G. (2015). A study on rural housing zones in rural settlements of Iran interact with environmental factors. Honar-Ha-Ye-Ziba: Memary Va Shahrsazi, 19(4), 87-100.
Rappaport, A. (1983). Pour une anthropologie de la maison. (Translated By Khosro Afzalian). Tehran: Kasra Publication. [in Persian]
Roumiani, A., Sojasi Qeidari, H., & Mansouri, K. M. (2018). Structural-Functional Analysis of the Rural Housing Using Sustainable Development Approach (Case Study: in Eastern Roumeshkhan County, Kuhdasht township) [Applicable]. Journal of Housing and Rural Environment, 37(162), 55-70.
SadeghPey, N. (2013). Deliberation on Domestic Rural Building's materials Research]. Journal of Housing and Rural Environment, 31(139), 17-32.
Saeedi, A., Taleshi, M & Rabet, A (2013). Renovation of housing and structural-functional transformation of rural houses case: villages of Ijroud city (Zanjan province). Journal of Geography, 11(38), 5-31.
Soltandoost, M, R. (2015). Leed; A Criteria for Green Building. Tehran: Yazda Publication.
Tahbaz, M., & Jalilian, S. (2011). Compatibility Indicators with Climate in Rural Housing of Gilan province [research]. Journal of Housing and Rural Environment, 30(135), 23-42.
Tahbaz, M., & Jalilian, S. (2016). Energy Efficiency in Vernacular Housing in Villages of Semnan Province [Research]. Journal of Housing and Rural Environment, 35(153), 3-22.
Tahsildoost, M., & Zomorodian, Z. (2020). Energy, carbon, and cost analysis of rural housing retrofit in different climates. Journal of Building Engineering, 30, 101277.
Tarkashvand, A., Raheb, G. (2016). Typology of rural housing in Guilan province. Tehran: Bonyad-e Maskan Publication.
Yang, X., Jiang, Y., Yang, M., & Shan, M. (2009). Energy and environment in Chinese rural housing: Current status and future perspective. Frontiers of Energy and Power Engineering in China, 4, 35-46.
Zargar, A, H, E. (2014). An introduction to the knowledge of rural architecture in Iran. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University Publication.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 78
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 93